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Nowadays, high-power light-emitting diodes (LEDs) LXHLMW1C are available in the market. These white LEDs contain indium-gallium-nitrogen (InGaN). The LEDs’ emitting capacity is 20 candela (Cd). We can use these LEDs for automatic garden lighting and wide voltage operation by...
Small-size AA cells and button cells used in electronic devices providing a terminal voltage of 1.5V are normally rated at 500 mAh. As the cells discharge, their internal impedance increases to form a potential divider along with the load...
For beginners, here’s a low-cost multitester that can be used to test the condition of almost all the electronic components from resistors to ICs. It uses only a few components but can also detect polarity, continuity, logic states and...
This simple key-operated gate locking system allows only those persons who know the preset code to open the gate. The code is to be entered from the keypad within the preset time to operate the motor fitted in the...
This add-on circuit automatically turns on your porchlight when your doorbell rings, so you can see the person ringing the doorbell at the doorstep. This also helps to guard against burglars, who usually press the doorbell switch to confirm...
Here’s a low-cost two-way intercom circuit with musical ringtone that can be made using readily available components (see Fig. 1). Melody generator IC UM66 (IC1) generates ringtone for the intercom circuit. The supply voltage to IC1 is limited to 3.3...
Very often we forget to switch off the peripherals like monitor, scanner, and printer while switching off our PC. The problem is that there are separate power switches to turn the peripherals off. Normally, the peripherals are connected to...
For fault diagnosis of any logic circuit, you need a probe that can test the logic level or existence of clock activity. The circuit shown here can be used to test CMOS and TTL logic circuits for logic states...
You can play this game alone or with your friends. The circuit comprises a timer IC, two decade counters and a display driver along with a 7-segment display. The game is simple. As stated above, it is a scoring game...
Very often when enjoying music or watching TV at high audio level, we may not be able to hear a telephone ring and thus miss an important incoming phone call. To overcome this situation, the circuit presented here can...