# TELEPHONE CALL METER USING CALCULATOR AND COB

This is a circuit for a telephone call meter designed with a calculator and chip on board. The calculator enables conversion of STD/ISD calls to local call equivalents and always displays current local call-meter reading. -- K.UDHAYA KUMARAN, VU3GTH

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In this circuit, a simple calculator, in conjunction with a COB (chip-onboard) from an analogue quartz clock, is used to make a telephone call meter. The calculator enables conversion of STD/ ISD calls to local call equivalents and always displays current local call-meter reading.

The circuit is simple and presents an elegant look, with feather-touch operation. It consumes very low current and is fully battery operated. The batteries used last more than a year.

Another advantage of using this circuit is that it is compatible with any type of pulse rate format, i.e. pulse rate in whole number, or whole number with decimal part. Recently, the telephone department Iannounced changes in pulse rate format, which included pulse rate in whole number plus decimal part. In such a case, this circuit proves very handy.

To convert STD/ISD calls to local calls, this circuit needs accurate 1Hz clock pulses, generated by clock COB. This COB is found inside analogue quartz wall clocks or time-piece mechanisms. It consists of IC, chip capacitors, and crystal that one can retrieve from scrap quartz clock mechanisms.

Normally, the COB inside clock mechanism will be in good condition. However, before using the COB, please check its serviceability by applying 1.5V DC across terminals C and D, as shown in the figure. Then check DC voltage across terminals A and B these terminals in a clock are connected to a coil. If the COB is in good condition, the multimeter needle would deflect forward and backward once every second. In fact, 0.5Hz clock is available at terminals A and B, with a phase difference of 90o. The advantage of using this COB is that it works on a 1.5V DC source.

The clock pulses available from terminal A and B are combined using a bridge, comprising diodes D1 to D4, to obtain 1Hz clock pulses. These clock pulses are applied to the base of transistor T1. The collector and emitter of transistor T1 are connected across calculator’s ‘=’ terminals.

The number of pulses forming an equivalent call may be determined from the latest telephone directory. However, the pulse rate (PR) found in the directory cannot be used directly in this circuit. For compatibility with this circuit, the pulse rate applicable for a particular place/distance, based on time of the day/holidays, is converted to pulse rate equivalent (PRE) using the formula

`PRE = 1/PR.`

You may prepare a look-up table for various pulse rates and their equivalents (see Table). Suppose you are going to make an STD call in pulse rate 4. Note down from the table the pulse rate equivalent for pulse rate 4, which is 0.25. Please note that on maturity of a call in the telephone exchange, the exchange call meter immediately advances to one call and it will be further incremented according to pulse rate. So one call should always be included before counting the calls.

For making call in pulse rate 4, slide switch S1 to ‘off’ (pulse set position) and press calculator buttons in the following order: 1, ‘+’, 0.25, ‘=’. Here, 1 is initial count, and 0.25 is PRE. Now calculator displays 1.25. This call meter is now ready to count. Now make the call, and as soon as the call matures, immediately slide switch S1 to ‘on’ (start/standby position). The COB starts generating clock pulses of 1 Hz. Transistor T1 conducts once every second, and thus ‘=’ button in calculator is activated electronically once every second. The calculator display starts from 1.25, advancing every second as follows:
1.25, 1.5, 1.75, 2.00, 2.25, 2.50, and so on.

After finishing the call, immediately slide switch S1 to ‘off’ position (pulse set position) and note down the local callmeter reading from the calculator display. If decimal value is more than or equal to 0.9, add another call to the whole number value. If decimal value is less than 0.9, neglect decimal value and note down only whole numbers.

To store this local call meter reading into calculator memory, press ‘M+’ button. Now local call meter reading is stored in memory and is added to the previous local call meter reading. For continuous display of current local call meter reading, press ‘MRC’ button and slide switch S1 to ‘on’ (start/standby position). The current local call meter reading will blink once every second.

In prototype circuit, the author used TAKSUN calculator. The display height was 1 cm. In this calculator, he substituted the two button-type batteries with two externally connected 1.5V R6 type batteries to run the calculator for more than an year.

The power ‘off’ button terminals were made dummy by affixing cellotape on contacts to avoid erasing of memory, should someone accidentally press the power ‘off’ button. This calculator has auto ‘off’ facility. Therefore, some button needs to be pressed frequently to keep the calculator ‘on’. So, in the idle condition, the ‘=’ button is activated electronically once every second by transistor T1, to keep the calculator continuously ‘on’.