Simple Low Power Inverter

By Pradeep G.

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Here is a simple low power inverter that converts 12V DC into 230-250V AC. It can be used to power very light loads like window chargers and night lamps, or simply give shock to keep the intruders away. The circuit is built around just two ICs, namely, IC CD4047 and IC ULN2004.

Low Power Inverter Circuit

IC CD4047 (IC1) is a monostable/astable multivibrator. It is wired in astable mode and produces symmetrical pulses of 50 to 400 Hz, which are given to IC2 via resistors R1 and R2.

simple low power inverter  circuit
Simple low power inverter circuit

IC ULN2004 (IC2) is a popular 7-channel Darlington array IC. Here, the three Darlington stages are paralleled to amplify the frequencies received from IC1. The output of IC2 is fed to transformer X1 via resistors R3 and R4.

Transformer X1 (9V-0-9V, 500mA secondary) is an ordinary step-down transformer that is used here for the reverse function, i.e., step up. That means it produces a high voltage. Resistors R3 and R4 are used to limit the output current from the ULN to safe values. The 230-250V AC output is available across the high-impedance winding of the transformer’s primary windings.


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The article was first published in April 2005 and has recently been updated.

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