Simple Touch-Sensitive Switch

This touch-sensitive switch is built around NAND gate IC CD4011 and transistor BC547. -- Raj K. Gorkhali

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This touch-sensitive switch is built around NAND gate IC CD4011 and transistor BC547.

When someone touches plate 1 (which is connected between pin 1 of gate N1 and ground), the RS flip-flop comprising gates N1 and N2 is set. The resulting high output at pin 3 of gate N1 energises the relay via relay driver transistor. The relay, in turn, switches on the load operating on mains.

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On the other hand, when someone touches plate 2 (which is connected between pin 6 of gate N2 and ground), the RS flip-flop is reset. The resulting low output at pin 3 of gate N1 de-energises the relay via relay driver transistor. The relay, in turn, switches off the load operating on mains. The diode across the relay coil protects the transistor from back e.m.f induced in the relay when it de-energises.

The circuit works off a 12V power supply. If you want to control heavier loads, the current rating of the relay should be increased accordingly.


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