Smart Arduino Touch Switch Board For Home Automation With IoT.

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If you are still using the traditional switches, then I’m sorry to say this but they are outdated now.  Moreover, these traditional switches have mechanical moving parts which get damaged on continuous use.

Nowadays, old switch boards are getting replaced by modern touch switches that not only enhance the look of our homes but are also far easier and safer to use. Theses modern touch switches have extra functions and as no moving parts are involved in building them, they also last longer than the traditional ones.

Despite these advantages, many people still use old switches because a modern smart touch switch is quite expensive, and every person can’t afford to have it.

This is the reason why I decided to make an affordable “Smart LCD Display Touch Switch Board” that would be far cheaper than the ones currently available in the market. This switch board, which can be controlled wirelessly through an android app, will also have air temperature displayed on its screen.

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Now, let’s collect the components to start the project

Fig 1. Touch Switch

Bill Of Materials

Fig 2. TFT display for Arduino

Setting Arduino Library

First of all, we need to install the required library to the Arduino IDE. For this, we will go to Sketch menu and click on the manage library. After this, search the library name and click on install button. The libraries needed for this project are Addafruit GFX library, Touch screen library and NTC thermistor library.

NOTE: Every touch screen has its own Library. So, find the library for your TFT screen model and install that. Here I have used MCUFriend 2.4 TFT LCD Library St7789v and installed it as shown in (Fig 3,4,5,6) .

Fig 3. Opening Library manager.
Fig 4.Installing touch screen library
Fig 5.  Installing Adafurit GFX library
Fig 6. Installing library for temperature sensor

CODING

As we have installed the required library, let’s start coding.

Download the source folder

In the first part of coding, we will initialise the required libraries in code as you can see in Fig 7.

Fig 7. Initialising the required library

After that we will create a function to get the point of touch on LCD screen in X and Y Coordinates. Refer (Fig .8).

Fig 8. Getting touch points on LCD

Next, we will add codes for the colours we are going to use in our LDC Display (Refer Fig 9).

Fig 9. Setting colour code for display

Then we will create a setup function where we will add the codes to show buttons and all other elements on LCD display. (Refer Fig 10,11)

Fig 10. Getting touch points
Fig 11 Setting touch buttons’ function

Since we are now done with the coding part. Next is app building.

APP MAKING

First, we will create a layout for app and then add the following components to it: –

  • 4 Buttons
  • 1 list picker
  • 1 Bluetooth Clint
Fig 12. APP Layout

After this you can go to MIT App inventor code blocks. Pick and place the code block according to fig below Refer Fig 13.

Fig .13 MIT App Inventor Code Blocks

Connection

Now, we need to connect the components and fix all the components and relay module in switch box as illustrated in Fig 15,16,17,18,19.

Arduino UNO Components
5V Bluetooth VCC
GND Bluetooth GND
TX RX
RX TX
PIN 13 Relay IN 1
PIN 14 Relay IN 2
VIN & VCC of Relay Power Supply 5-6V
GND & GND of Relay Power Supply Terminal -Ve
PIN A5 Thermistor Sensor
Fig 14. Circuit Diagram
Fig 15. Fixing all the components in a box
Fig 16. Setting TFT display in a box
Fig 17. The completed touch switch board

Congrats!! Your “Smart Touch Switch Board” is ready now.

Testing

Check each connection carefully as any wrong connect might result in electric short circuit. When you are sure that all the connections are being done correctly, power the Arduino and relay with 5V DC and then plug the AC appliances connected to relay for switching.

When you press the OFF button, the relay turns off the electronic appliances connected to it. When you touch the ON button, it will turn on the electronic appliances connected to it.

Now, try it using the app. Open the app and click on the Bluetooth Icon button and connect to Bluetooth HC 05 of Switch Board and then click on the ON/OFF button in app to control the electronic appliances wirelessly.


 

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